Die Welt der Yakuza in Japan. Die Ehre geht über alles. Wer dagegen verstößt, schneidet sich schon mal einen Finger ab. Im Kinofilm "Brother". Japan-Experte Tetsu Tanimura beschreibt die Entstehung und die aktuelle Lage der Yakuza in Japan. Seit ist in Japan das sichtbare Bekenntnis zu einem kumi strafbar, was die modernen Yakuza in einigen Teilen des Landes immer mehr zur Arbeit im.
Die Yakuza – Portrait einer einst mächtigen OrganisationHERBERT, Yakuza im Wandel, 18, 26, 28, 30, 32; DERS., Japan nach Sonnenuntergang, ; KAWAMURA, Gesellschaftliche Bedingungen organisierter. Mord mit Sturmgewehr schockiert Japan. Ein japanischer Yakuza-Führer wird in einem Bandenkrieg niedergemäht. Es ist ein rarer Fall in einem. Seit ist in Japan das sichtbare Bekenntnis zu einem kumi strafbar, was die modernen Yakuza in einigen Teilen des Landes immer mehr zur Arbeit im.
Japan Yakuza Navigation menu VideoThe Yakuza - Mafia of Japan
Du kannst eine Einzahlung Japan Yakuza, wenn. - InhaltsverzeichnisEine aktive Rolle spielen sie in der japanischen Mafia-Organisation nicht, ihre grossflächigen Tätowierungen tragen sie aber mit Stolz. Formerly called “暴力団” (bōryokudan: violence groups), the Yakuza are well known as tough, tattooed, gangsters affiliated with an organized group dabbling in criminal activities (extortion, gambling, drugs, prostitution, you name it!) both inside and outside Japan. A double-whammy of skewed demographics and legal crackdowns has forced Japan’s yakuza crime syndicates to call on middle-aged men to do their dirtiest work, as they struggle to attract new blood to. Inside The Yakuza, The Year-Old Japanese Criminal Syndicate The Yakuza aren't just the "Japanese Mafia." They're something entirely different — an organization tied to years of Japanese history. Kan Phongjaroenwit/Flickr Three members of the Yakuza show off their full-body tattoos in Tokyo. In Japan and elsewhere, especially in the West, the term yakuza can be used to refer to individual gangsters or criminals as well as to their organized groups and to Japanese organized crime in general. Yakuza adopt samurai -like rituals and often bear elaborate body tattoos. The yakuza originated during the Tokugawa Shogunate ( - ) with two separate groups of outcasts. The first of those groups were the tekiya, wandering peddlers who traveled from village to village, selling low-quality goods at festivals and markets.
Some say this is because the dialect sounds harsh to the ear and a speaker sounds tough when using it. The Yakuza use their local dialects.
But they generally try to emphasize sounds and change words to sound tough. They also use slang like okami for cops and foul language whenever they can.
It might be hard to distinguish Yakuza from ordinary guys, though, since many teenagers and young adults who live in the cities also use this slang-laden speech pattern.
It has an yabun boss or father figure; always male and kobun followers; literally, foster or surrogate children.
It is very rare to have a female boss. Everyone below the Kumicho is a kobun. The underlings pledge allegiance to a boss over a ceremony called sakazuki a saucer-like cup for sake.
Each organization has a particular process. One way is for a moderator to pour a cup of sake for the oyabun who takes a sip and then passes the cup to the kobun.
The ceremony is completed when the kobun finishes the sake and keeps the cup. The history of how the Yakuza began is not clear.
The burakumin was an ostracized sector of Japanese society. They dealt with death executioners, undertakers, butchers, etc. They were forced to live in isolated or secluded areas.
They turned to crime and gambling to survive. One of the traditional gambling games that have survived until today is the oicho-kabu. Each card in this game has a corresponding number or score.
The goal is to get three cards that score a total of 9. The tekiya peddlers were also considered a very low class of people who sold illegal, stolen, or substandard goods.
But they soon began to band together and form organizations that initially sold goods and offered protection during festivals.
The structures of the tekiya resemble the current structure of the Yakuza with an oyabun and kobun. The tekiya became so good with commerce that they were recognized as official organizations during the Edo period The oyabun of different organizations was allowed to have a surname and carry two swords which the government only allowed the samurai class to do.
During the feudal era of Japan, many people were poor and only a few were rich. Some people believe that the Yakuza are descended from a ragtag group of people who took money from feudal lords, which they then distributed to the poor.
After the and earthquakes, some of the first groups to help the victims were Yakuza organizations. They gave food, water, and other necessities.
They also sent out people to help at the Fukushima power plant. Although some people say that the latter was just a PR stunt and the people sent to the plant were tricked, bribed, or forced to go there.
Right wing parties, or Uyoku Dantai, as of , had around , members Kato, Norihiro The link between yakuza and uyoku dantai, and the link of organized crime to politicians, is what will be addressed and understood.
Upon doing my research I took to YouTube. It was made to be informative of the role yakuza play in politics and was created in It shows how yakuza is still present in modern times, despite being created in the 18th century.
It includes news coverage of the right winged party, Nihon-no-Kai, led by Masaya Kudo. All of the footage is in Japanese, but is accompanied by subtitles.
The language used is direct and ultimately bias only showing the side of Kudo. It follows right wing members in their daily lives, using slang amongst each other in meetings, but it overall captures the intensity in which right winged Japanese parties and yakuza function.
It is known that yakuza pride themselves in Japanese nationalism and tradition. I wanted to use this video in my analysis of the yakuza in society, because it portrays the dominance of the yakuza in society.
The Nihon-no-kai party may not be the yakuza, but everything they do must be overseen by the yakuza. Vice is showing how even in a political protest realm the Yakuza dominate.
When Nihon No Kai drive around in their vans protesting, the local yakuza will come and ask who gave them permission to pass through.
The yakuza make it certain they know what is happening at every corner. Right wing politics in Japan have been increasingly present ever since World War Two.
Japanese nationalist believe that postwar Japan has never stood on an equal footing with the United States, and have always been taken advantage of.
Japan to the right wingers, needs to be stronger and take back lands that are theirs. Strength is growing in the right wing.
One thing the video left out is an outside perspective from Kudo. The yakuza are constantly looking after their territory. Nihon No Kai still pay their respects and tell yakuza what they plan on doing.
After informing the yakuza, yakuza can grant them permission to proceed, but they must protest according to their instructions.
The video opens with Kudo, and continuously flashes back to Kudo under the tattoo gun. Tattoos are so often linked to being symbols and a direct line to the yakuza, so it is interesting that they used those scenes of being inked so commonly.
It also serves as another way to link right wing parties and politics to the yakuza. Kudo is openly speaking of the yakuza in this video, without any noticeable fear of the yakuza punishing him for speaking of their tactics.
The yakuza are once again a transparent organization, using their openness as a way to communicate their dominance with all people.
They want to have their control public. Right wing parties no matter how separate they might think they are, are still working alongside yakuza.
The video does its job in communicating nationalistic parties, and why even though Japan is a safe country, people still get involved with authorities.
I would want to hear from a police officer as well. I want to see how he views these protests by the Nihon No Kai, right wingers, and the yakuza.
Ultimately, if right wing parties choose not to work with the Japanese yakuza they will be disassembled. I think the reason why Kudo did this video was to show that the right wingers, in his eyes, are normal people with nationalistic political agendas.
To continue with politics, the Democratic Party of Japan is backed by 40, organized crime members.
The DPJ promised members of organized crime to keep a criminal conspiracy law off the books and pledged to work to get voting rights for the Korean- Japanese, which make up a portion of organized crime.
Recently, the minister of justice, Tanaka, was exposed and had to resign because of his ties with the Yakuza.
This being said, the underworld infiltrates politics from all sides, not just the right wing Global vice: The expanding territory of the yakuza: An interview with Jake Adelstein 66 1 , The link between yakuza and right-wing organizations, along with their supposed link to politicians, is at the core of the responsibility for the influence and the involvement of organized crime members in politics.
The murder rate in was a amongst a global low of 0. To put it into perspective, America in had the murder rate of almost 4 per , people Economist Magazine Putting crime into the view of the yakuza gangsters, yakuza are not a malicious force on society but if there is a murder committed, it is kept very hidden.
This analyzation will explain the legal zones of policing towards the yakuza. This meeting displayed the close relationship with the yakuza and the state and their similar agendas.
The two were both concerned with the upsurge in left sided activism, including the upturn in labor union strikes that were seen by the government as being unpatriotic threats to the societal stability.
The state encouraged capitalist production and yakuza were more than happy to accept the payment of company management for their assistance, allowing them to be hired as strikebreakers.
Yakuza and the state also came together in their common attribute of the purposeful use of violence, as a way to exert and maintain their power.
This meeting and shared agenda is something that would never be seen amongst any other Mafia group. Yakuza and the state became partners, establishing that there was, and still is legitimacy within the yakuza violence.
In Japan, there was now a relationship between the legitimate and the illegitimate. Because the Japanese officials were not contesting legitimate violence, it allowed for a kind of violent legitimacy.
The meeting was covered by media, yakuza unbothered by the public display of their power. Japanese policing is very different than that of America.
Recently, the police have used a of contract laws, civil laws, ordinances, and criminal laws to arrest the yakuza more frequently.
Additionally, many banks, auto-dealers, and real-estate agencies have organized crime exclusionary ordinances within their contracts.
The police are making things increasingly more difficult for yakuza. In modern society, one can share information from the yakuza with the police, but information one gets from the police can never be shared to the yakuza.
The reason for this aids in my argument of the yakuza public face. The reason why yakuza want to share information with a reporter even if they go to the police, is because they use information as a way to hurt a rival gang.
They even use this tactic to stop acts of fellow yakuza branches. The rigid hierarchy and discipline are usually matched by a right-wing ultranationalistic ideology.
Kobun traditionally take a blood oath of allegiance , and a member who breaks the yakuza code must show penance—historically through a ritual in which the kobun cuts off his little finger with a sword and presents it to his oyabun , though this practice has declined over time.
Over time the yakuza have shifted toward white-collar crime , relying more and more on bribery in lieu of violence, and indeed in the early 21st century they were one of the least murderous criminal groups in the world.
These activities make the relationship between yakuza and police in Japan a complicated one; yakuza membership itself is not illegal, and yakuza-owned businesses and gang headquarters are often clearly marked.
Members have even been called upon to perform public functions, as when a yakuza force was assembled to serve as a security force during a visit by U.
Dwight Eisenhower although the visit ultimately did not occur. Yakuza are viewed by some Japanese as a necessary evil, in light of their chivalrous facade, and the organizational nature of their crime is sometimes viewed as a deterrent to impulsive individual street crime.
The Japanese government subsequently continued to impose stricter laws against criminal groups into the 21st century. Yakuza Article Additional Info.
Traces of the gangs' origins can be seen in the signature aspects of yakuza culture today. For example, many yakuza sport full-body tattoos which are made with traditional bamboo or steel needles, rather than modern tattooing guns.
The tattooed area may even include the genitals, an incredibly painful tradition. The yakuza members usually remove their shirts while playing cards with each other and display their body art, a nod to the bakuto traditions, although they generally cover up with long sleeves in public.
Another feature of yakuza culture is the tradition of yubitsume or severing the joint of the little finger. Yubitsume is performed as an apology when a yakuza member defies or otherwise displeases his boss.
The guilty party cuts off the top joint of his left pinkie finger and presents it to the boss; additional transgressions lead to the loss of additional finger joints.
This custom originated in Tokugawa times; the loss of finger joints makes the gangster's sword grip weaker, theoretically leading him to depend more on the rest of the group for protection.
Today, many yakuza members wear prosthetic fingertips to avoid being conspicuous. The largest yakuza syndicates operating today are the Kobe-based Yamaguchi-gumi, which includes about half of all active yakuza in Japan; the Sumiyoshi-kai, which originated in Osaka and boasts about 20, members; and the Inagawa-kai, out of Tokyo and Yokohama, with 15, members.
The gangs engage in criminal activities such as international drug-smuggling, human trafficking, and arms smuggling. However, they also hold significant amounts of stock in large, legitimate corporations, and some have close ties with the Japanese business world, the banking sector, and the real estate market.Yakuza, auch als Gokudō von offiziellen Stellen Bōryokudan genannt, Eigenbezeichnung Ninkyō Dantai ist der Oberbegriff für japanische kriminelle Organisationen, deren Geschichte einige Jahrhunderte zurückreicht. Seit ist in Japan das sichtbare Bekenntnis zu einem kumi strafbar, was die modernen Yakuza in einigen Teilen des Landes immer mehr zur Arbeit im. Die Yakuza war einst die mächtigste Verbrecherorganisation in Japan. Aber diese Zeiten sind lange vorbei. Die Yakuza, eine kriminelle. Über die Frauen der Yakuza ist wenig bekannt. Eine aktive Rolle spielen sie in der japanischen Mafia-Organisation nicht, ihre grossflächigen. 9/5/ · “Japan’s ageing population is a factor, of course, but the yakuza scene is no longer an attractive proposition for young men,” Tomohiko Suzuki, an author and expert on the yakuza, told the. Yakuza Exam To join the Yamaguchi-gumi, which is the largest Yakuza organisation in Japan, members have to sit a page exam. The Yamaguchi-gumi created the exam after the government passed harsher laws to crackdown on organized crime. Yakuza is the most well known gang in Japan, but there are also youth groupings, and the Bosokozu, usually identifiable by their motorcycles or customized cars (Kersten, J. (3), ). Surprisingly many people in society don't mind the presence of yakuza, because of their charitable work. To show penance, the naughty yakuza cuts off the tip of his left pinky with a sharp knife. Beforecrimes had a year statute of limitations in Japan. Yakuza are viewed by some Japanese as a necessary evil, in light of their chivalrous facade, and the Schlüsseldienst Dessau nature of their Online Casini is sometimes viewed as a deterrent to impulsive individual street crime. Yakuza: Japan's Criminal Underworld 25th Anniversary ed. Daily Beast.